This technology provides a method for synthesis of high surface area oxygen reduction catalysts supported on conductive metal oxides for use in PEMFC fuel cells.
Proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC) are the best candidates for cars, buildings, and other small applications. The advantage of these types of fuel cells is that they can operate at relatively low temperatures and can vary their output to meet shifting power demands. Market potential is high, because of fuel cells’ abilities as portable generators and batteries in military and other applications, as off-grid power systems for homes and businesses, and in powering automobiles.
This technology provides a method for synthesis of high surface area oxygen reduction catalysts supported on conductive metal oxides for use in PEMFC fuel cells or other potential applications. The oxygen catalysts are templated in the pores of mesoporous niobia. The result is an open-frame structure of a non-carbonaceous support.
More specifically, the synthesis of the structure includes Evaporation-Induced Self-Assembly of sol-gel-derived mesoporous niobia, which can be obtained by aerosol routes (spray pyrolysis). It has been demonstrated as a synthetic approach for making an Au and Pd template and as a matrix for Pt nano-wire fabrication in silica. The approach can be extended to include niobia, ruthenium titanium, tantalum, and mixed oxide supports. After etching the silica out, an electrocatalyst with an open frame morphology is achieved.
Provides an open frame structure
Many different materials can be used to make the templates
PEMFC or PEFC fuel cell applications
Platinum nano-wire fabrication
A method for nanophase stabilization